Ocean Observation and Monitoring (OOM)

Leveling the Field – Tips for Inclusive Arctic Field Work

Biogeochemical Floats can be Used to Improve Measurements of Sea-Air CO2 Exchanges, Study Shows “If we can teach statistics, we can teach our researchers how to avoid becoming statistics in the field.” S. Starkweather For early career researchers, the prospect of joining an Arctic research expedition captures the imagination as well as the intellect.  Yet …

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Biogeochemical Floats can be Used to Improve Measurements of Sea-Air CO2 Exchanges, Study Shows

Biogeochemical Floats can be Used to Improve Measurements of Sea-Air CO2 Exchanges, Study Shows A study published as an early online release on Global Biogeochemical Cycles shows the value of calibrated biogeochemical floats for providing data measurements of surface ocean partial pressure of CO2 ( pCO2sw ), which is measured to determine air-sea CO2 exchanges.  A certain degree of uncertainty …

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Absolute Velocity Estimates from Autonomous Underwater Gliders Equipped with Doppler Current Profilers

Absolute Velocity Estimates from Autonomous Underwater Gliders Equipped with Doppler Current Profilers A study published in the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology demonstrates the value of glider-based Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCP). ADCPs can take measurements with high-resolutions in the deep ocean, making them an efficient tool for sampling large areas in relatively short times. These …

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Mixed-layer carbon cycling at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory

Mixed-layer carbon cycling at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory A study published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles contributes evidence that the Kuroshio Extension transition zone is a biological hot spot for carbon cycling within the North Pacific carbon sink region.  Researchers used data recorded over seven years at the NOAA Kuroshio Extension Observatory surface mooring in the North Pacific Ocean. NOAA …

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NOAA’s 2016 Arctic Report Card: Visual highlights

NOAA’s 2016 Arctic Report Card: Visual highlights The Arctic Report Card, released at the annual American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco, is a peer-reviewed report that brings together the work of 61 scientists from 11 nations who report on air, ocean, land and ecosystem changes. It is a key tool used around the …

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Wind Speed Influences Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Tropical North Atlantic

Wind Speed Influences Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Tropical North Atlantic A CPO-funded study found that wind speed variability associated with the Atlantic Meridional Mode contributes to anomalies in sea surface temperatures in the eastern equatorial Atlantic and the Intertropical Convergence Zone region. An early version of the study’s paper was published in the Journal of Climate.  Researchers analyzed …

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CPO’s Steve Piotrowicz to Receive NOAA Administrator’s Award

CPO’s Steve Piotrowicz to Receive NOAA Administrator’s Award NOAA Administrator Dr. Kathryn Sullivan announced that Climate Program Office’s Stephen R. Piotrowicz will receive one of the 2016 NOAA Administrator’s Awards for his outstanding management of the US Argo Ocean Observing program. Piotrowicz and other awardees will receive their awards in a November ceremony at the NOAA …

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California Current System Could Experience Weak El Niño-Related Impacts, Study Says

California Current System Could Experience Weak El Niño-Related Impacts, Study Says A CPO-funded study published in Geophysical Research Letters concluded that although tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures hit a record high during the 2015-2016 El Niño, impacts to marine ecosystems and primary production are likely to be weak in the California Current System. These impacts are expected …

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Satellites and Models Show Cloud Response to Climate Change, Says New Study

Satellites and Models Show Cloud Response to Climate Change, Says New Study A study partly funded by the CPO’s Climate Observation Division found evidence of changes in cloud concentration and height due to climate change between 1983 and 2009. Recently published in Nature Climate Change, a paper of the study says these large-scale cloud changes result in a warming …

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Improving Estimates of Earth’s Energy Balance

Improving Estimates of Earth’s Energy Balance A letter recently published in Nature Climate Change details work partially funded by the CPO overviewing a strong agreement in measurements of Earth’s energy imbalance by Argo Profiling Floats and the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System, or CERES. Because the ocean stores 90% of Earth’s energy imbalance, accurate measurements of ocean temperature …

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